Top 1% Income In Canada (2023): How Much Do They Earn?

We have all heard that the rich are getting richer and that wealth is incredibly concentrated at the top of the ladder.

Canada is no exception. Nearly 11,000 people in Canada are ultra-high-net-worth individuals (UHNWIs), meaning they hold more than $30 million in liquid assets and make at least six figures per year.

So, what yearly earnings will put you in the top 1% of income earners in Canada?

A yearly income of around $260,000 is required to be in the threshold of the top 1% of earners in Canada in 2023.

Let’s get into the details.

the Threshold and Average Income of the Top 1% in Canada

The threshold earning point of the top 1% in Canada is $253,900 annually, according to a 2020 Stats Canada report, which is the latest available data.

As a safe estimation, a yearly income of around $260,000 is reasonable for the lowest of the top 1% income earner in Canada in 2023.

Average vs Threshold Income: What’s the difference?

The threshold earning point is the income of the lowest earning top 1% income in Canada, and the average top 1% income simply takes an average of all the top 1% earners in Canada.

That is why the average earnings of the top 1% are around twice as much as the threshold.

The top 1% of Canadians made, on average, around $512,000 in a single year.

What’s really interesting to note is that this was a slight decrease from the previous year (2019 average 1% income was $513,700) for the top 1% of earners in Canada. The rest of the Canadian population saw a slight increase during that same time period.

Median Income of the Top 1% in Canada

The median income of the top 1% eliminates the outliers of the extremely rich that skew the results higher for the average. The median income for the top 1% income group in Canada as of 2020 is $349,900, and that was achieved at a median age of 53 years of age.

This is significantly lower than the average income of the top 1% above but higher than the threshold amount.

The Rich Get Richer

According to Statistics Canada and various other research institutes, the yearly income of the top 1% tends to rise faster than the rest of the population.

I’m sure we have all heard that the richest of the world are getting richer and that income disparity is growing with each passing year.

Unfortunately, many studies also show that this income inequality trend became even more exacerbated during the COVID-19 pandemic, with the top 1-5% growing vastly in wealth, especially in North America.

The top 1% statistics can be seen as a good benchmark to see how a country is doing economically.

But it’s also good to notice that it sheds light on this disparity. For instance, StatCan reported that the threshold income of the top 1% of earners in 2016 was $226,200 in today’s dollars.

In 2023, this number is likely over $260,000, and the same growth rate is not reflected in the incomes of the remaining 99%, especially not in the bottom 50%.

Total Wealth of the Top 1% By Age

If you read my net worth by age in Canada post, you may remember that one’s average net worth positively correlates with their age in Canada.

Naturally, a similar trend applies to the top 1% in each age group. Here’s the net worth of the top 1% of each age group in Canada:

AgeAverage Net Worth of the Top 1%
Below 35$608,604
35 to 44$2,028,681
45 to 54$4,260,230
55 to 64$7,303,251
65 and above$7,506,119

As can be seen, the net worth of the top 1% grows significantly between each age group, with the exception of the jump from the 55-64 to 65 and above age groups.

This levelling off can be attributed to the retirement and/or increased spending of those who are above 65. Of course, investments are likely to appreciate even after retirement, but a decreased salary and increased spending still make a big difference, resulting in this levelling off.

It is also no surprise that the net worth of the top 1% grows by more than $1,420,077 between the below 35 and 35-44 age groups as younger people pay off their student loans and get settled in their careers.

But the biggest growth of net worth clearly comes later in life, which should be uplifting for us all. There is a jump of $2,231,549 between the 35-44 and 45-54 age groups and, most significantly, a jump of $3,043,021 between the ages of 45-54 and 55-64.

As a result, the 55 to 64-year-old age group seems to be the wealthiest in Canada, with their top 1% having an average net worth of more than $7 million.

This can be for a multitude of reasons, such as investments growing with a combination of contributions and interest gains, pay grades rising due to gained expertise, and inheriting large sums of money becoming more likely.

Whatever the reason, one’s average net worth grows as they surpass each age bracket, and there is no exception for those in the top 1%.

What Percentage of Canadians Make Over $100,000?

According to a 2020 StatCan study, 3.1 million people out of about 28.7 million earn more than $100,000 per year. This means that about 11% of total persons with income in Canada make over $100,000 per year.

The median total income in Canada is $40,360, which represents the income value lying at the very middle when all the numbers are sorted in an ascending or descending order.

What kind of people do you think make up this 11% of individuals who make over $100,000?

A 2019 study by TD bank can shed some light: their research shows that women are actually less likely than men to have a high household income. Geography also plays a big part, as Albertans earn the highest wages in Canada.

What Is The Average Net Worth In Canada?

Canada’s median net worth figures for different age groups are listed below as reported by StatCan, Canada’s national statistical agency. As I mentioned earlier, net worth figures tend to rise with each age bracket, with the exception of those 65 and older.   

AgeMedian Net Worth
Under 35$48,800
35 to 44$234,400
45 to 54$521,100
55 to 64$690,000
65 and older$543,200

The above numbers apply to individual persons. The median net worth of Canadian families was $329,900 in 2019.

The Bottom Line

The top 1% of earners in Canada make hundreds of thousands of dollars per year, and their incomes grow significantly with each passing year. Statistically speaking, most Canadians are more likely to be in the 99% category, but this certainly does not mean that they are not well-off.

It is true that wealth is concentrated at the top, but regardless of whichever “group” you fall into (that is, whether you are in the top 5%, %10 or 20%, or in the bottom 50%), the truth is that most people are trying to make it to next step in the ladder.

I’m sure that many of those who fall into the top 1% are eyeing the top 0.1% megamillionaires, which is likely true for most people going down the income ladder, as well.

It feels like there is always more money to be made and more wealth to be acquired, but I recently read several studies that found that the happiness people derive from money levels off past making $80,000 per year.

Either way, one of the best ways to grow your net worth and get to the next “group” can be by supplementing your income through a variety of ways. I find side hustles and income-generating hobbies can be great for this.

Want to read up more on net worth in Canada? Check out this post on Net Worth By Age In Canada to see how you stack up.

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Author Bio - Christopher Liew is a CFA Charterholder with 11 years of finance experience and the creator of Read about how he quit his 6-figure salary career to travel the world here.

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9 thoughts on “Top 1% Income In Canada (2023): How Much Do They Earn?”

  1. This interpretation is wrong. The $500,000 value is the average income of the 1% group, not the threshold. It requires about 250k to be qualified as 1% and the median income of the 1% is 350k. So if you are making more than 350k you are better than more than half of the 1% and puts you in top 0.5%.

  2. What is the median earnings for the top 1%? As highlighted median is far more representative given the skew from the ultra high earners. You share median net worth – so this consistency would be appreciated!

  3. How can only 11% of people make more than 100k, but 22% of men and 18% of women make more than 100k? How do those add to 11%?

  4. Yikes. This is sloppy work and poor data interpretation.

    1) You use the threshold value for 1% income in 2011, and you use the mean income of the 1% when you reference the $500k number. This makes it appear that the threshold has increased astronomically.

    2) The percentage increase that you included was based on mean values again. The median is far more important in the evaluation of the top 1%, because for the most part, you should be distinguishing between management class/highly educated professionals and the top 0.01 percent. The income growth of the median income is far more representative of high achievement that is accessible through competitive processes, while the mean includes the top 0.01%, i.e. Canadian billionaires, and C-suite executives, who are really on a different planet.

    tldr: this is a very misleading article from a CFA. Needs substantial corrections.


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