With Canadians doing more business with the US than anywhere else in the world, Canadians have to be mindful about spending in US dollars.
USD to CAD exchange rates aren’t just terrible; they also come with relatively hefty fees. Consequently, many Canadians seek a bank account where they can keep USD without converting it to CAD.
In this article, I will go over the list and help you find the best US dollar accounts in Canada (USD).
Why Do You Need A US Dollar Account In Canada (USD)?
Before we get to the debate about what’s the best US dollar account in Canada (USD), it’s important to determine why and when you’d need a USD account in the first place. The reasons should pertain to both chequing and savings accounts:
- You regularly travel to the US and need to convert your CAD to USD every time.
- You buy goods and services from the U.S. online and pay the sellers or vendors in USD.
- You invest a lot in US-based assets and have to convert your capital from CAD to USD every time, but you don’t want to spend days running a Norbert’s Gambit strategy.
- You work remotely for a US-based employer that pays you in USD.
- You want more control over your currency conversion rate and to mitigate the fees by converting heftier amounts.
- You want USD savings to account for a passive income in a different currency so that you can take advantage of accumulating interest and the exchange rate.
You might have other reasons for considering opening a USD account in Canada. However, one option is opening an account with a Canadian bank’s US branch.
Almost all major Canadian banks, especially the Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) and Toronto-Dominion Bank (TD), have a good US presence. But this option is more suited for Canadians who either have or want to establish a more formal presence in the US (e.g., pay bills, establish a credit history).
However, if you’re looking for the best US dollar account in Canada (USD) that is in a Canadian institution, you might consider a few options.
The Best US Dollar Accounts In Canada
Apart from the Big Six, there are very few USD account options for Canadians. Two of them are worth considering: Tangerine and Equitable (EQ) Bank.
Collectively, there are nine candidates for the title of “best US dollar account in Canada (USD)”. I’ve ranked them based on factors like fees, interest rates, transaction fees, limits, investing fees, and minimum balance requirements for this list.
1. EQ Bank US Dollar Account
Top Pick For: High-Interest Savings Rates
How to Sign Up: Website here
If you are concerned about generating a decent interest, then the EQ US dollar account might be a good fit for you.
It offers a premium interest rate on all your USD funds, which is usually by far the best rate there is in Canada.
EQ Bank has also partnered up with Wise, so you can send your money internationally and in the U.S at a low fee. You can also send your money within Canada, and the foreign exchange rate is good as well.
2. Questrade US Dollar Account
This one is for the investors who want to buy American. The U.S stock market is home to arguably the most robust and profitable companies in the world.
Many Canadians want to invest in household name stocks, such as the big tech giants in California, or the big banks in New York.
My suggestion to you if you’re in this camp is to open up a Questrade U.S dollar account. With this discount broker, you only get charged for the currency exchange fee when you convert it. You won’t keep on getting charged every time you do a transaction.
It’s easy to transfer your money into Questrade and to move it within accounts as well.
3. TD US Dollar Accounts
Top Pick For: Everyday Banking Use
TD Bank has an impressive presence in the US, so it should come as no surprise that it offers two of the best US dollar accounts in Canada (if not the best). The two accounts it offers are:
a. US Daily Interest Chequing Account
If you want a no-fee US dollar account in Canada, this might be it. It offers no monthly fees and free paperless record-keeping options. Note, though, that it comes with a transaction fee of US$ 1.5 per transaction, which you can waive if you maintain a monthly balance of US$ 1,500.
Another benefit of having a balance of more than US$1,000 is that you can earn interest on your USD funds. The current rate is 0.01%, regardless of the amount. You can access its online banking services and app for free, and there’s no cap on the number of transactions. The account is ideal for people who require more immediate access to their funds and don’t want to pay a monthly fee.
b. Borderless Plan
A more powerful (albeit costly) TD US dollar account is the Borderless Plan. It has a monthly fee of $4.95, but you can get a $1.95 rebate if you already have the “all-inclusive banking plan”. If you maintain a daily balance of at least US$3,000, you won’t have to pay a monthly fee.
This account offers unlimited transactions per month, preferred exchange rates on USD, and a full, annual $39 fee rebate on a TD US Dollar Visa card subject to credit approval.
Although it doesn’t generate any interest in your USD funds, the bank is practical and covers almost the full spectrum of a typical Canadian’s US dollar account needs.
4. Tangerine US Dollar Accounts
Tangerine offers an even broader range of US dollar accounts, including a business account, individual account, and business GIC account. It doesn’t offer a US dollar chequing account, but its impressive interest rates, no-fee structure, and $0 minimum balance requirement put it quite close to the top.
Despite these, Tangerine has no physical branch, although you can use its 3,500 automated banking machines (ABMs). It also doesn’t offer Interac e-Transfers, although it’s a common theme with US dollar accounts in Canada.
5. RBC US Dollar Accounts
Aside from its impressive US presence, RBC also offers chequing and savings US dollar accounts in Canada.
RBC’s Direct Checking account allows you unlimited transactions between RBC CAD accounts and USD accounts. The first ten debit transactions are free, but you have to pay $1 for debit transactions after that. There is no minimum balance requirement and no fee for the first year; after that, the annual fee is $39.50. The FDIC also insures funds up to US$250,000.
On the other hand, RBC’s Premium Checking account comes with a heftier annual fee of $99.95, unlimited transactions, and 50 free cheques. There are some cashback offers from large retailers in the US, too, but both chequing accounts offer access to a broad 50,000 ATM no-fee network.
The Personal Savings account comes with no annual fees, as long as you maintain a US$300 balance. The interest rate is 0.05% at best, and you can easily transfer money between your Canadian and US RBC accounts. It also requires a minimum deposit of US$100 to open.
Aside from that, you can also open a Preferred Money Market Savings account with US$1,000 and earn 0.15% for sums less than US$50,000 and 0.2% for more. You also get up to 6 debit transactions per month for free. Both accounts come with US$250,000 FDIC insurance.
RBC also offers business US dollar accounts and CDs.
6. Scotiabank US Dollar Account
Scotiabank offers a US dollar daily interest account with a tiered interest structure. You earn no interest for balances under US$1,000, 0.01% for funds between US$1,000 and US$4,999, 0.025% for funds above that and below US$9,999, and 0.05% for funds above US$10,000.
If you can maintain a daily closing balance of $200 or more, the bank won’t subject you to monthly account fees. But even if you don’t, the US$1/month fee is highly competitive. It comes with two free debit transactions per month and charges US$1.25 per additional transaction. You can also buy USD drafts without any additional fees using this account.
7. CIBC Bank US Dollar Account
If you’re looking for a no-fee account with no free transaction, CIBC US$ personal account is the way to go. It charges you US$0.75 per transaction (which is lower compared to other banks) but doesn’t offer any free transactions. So, even if you write a cheque, make a purchase, or pay a bill using this account, you will pay US$0.75 per transaction. The interest rate is at 0.05%.
8. National Bank US Dollar Account
The National Bank offers a USD Progress Account with a fee structure that’s a bit complicated. Although there are no fixed monthly fees, there are a lot of transaction fees. Cheques and pre-authorized debits carry a US$1.25 fee, whereas most branch transactions are free, except for bill payments which carry a $2 fee. Also, you can’t avail of transaction services through an ABM.
Its interest rate of 0.1% looks promising at a glance, but you need at least $5,000 in your USD Progress Account to start earning any interest.
9. BMO US Dollar Accounts
BMO offers a US Dollar Primary Chequing Account and a US Dollar Premium Rate Savings Account for people who travel to the US a lot.
If you maintain BMO’s required minimum balance for its US Dollar Primary Chequing Account, you don’t have to pay any monthly fee. It also comes with rudimentary overdraft protection features and a chequebook. On the other hand, its US Dollar Premium Rate Savings Account offers a 0.05% interest rate on any balance.
Limited Use Cases And The Weaknesses Of A US Dollar Account In Canada
Even the best US dollar account in Canada (USD) is not for everyone. If you have limited financial interactions across the border, don’t travel at all or very rarely travel to the US, don’t have an income stream flowing into Canada from the US, or if your e-commerce needs can be satisfied in the country, you might not have a reason for maintaining a US dollar bank account in Canada.
The simple reason is the cost-benefit analysis. The amount you save by not going through the terrible conversion rates when you have a US dollar accounts will unlikely be high enough to justify the financial cost of maintaining a US account. For large one-off transactions in USD, you can go with a no-fee account that offers a few free transactions a month and has no account-minimum requirements.
If you’re an investor, Norbert’s gambit is your friend if you want to keep USD in your Tax-Free Savings Account (TFSA) and Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP).
Furthermore, you should be aware of the weaknesses of a US dollar account:
- Very few US dollar accounts are meant for daily or routine transactions.
- Most US dollar accounts in Canada come with a high per-transaction cost, making them impractical for frequent purchases from across the border.
- The savings rate for USD won’t outshine local savings accounts and rates in CAD, even if you take the relative strengths and weaknesses of USD and CAD into account.
- There are very few credit and debit card options.
- If CAD grows stronger than USD, the exchange rates might tip in your favour, and converting CAD to USD for transactions might be slightly cheaper than making transactions directly with the USD.
The Importance Of Having Control Over CAD to USD Conversion Timing
If you have to convert CAD to USD very frequently for whatever reason, having a US dollar account might be favourable. That’s because it allows you to control when to convert and keep USD in your US dollar account, and you can take advantage of the favourable rates.
Still, in the last 12 months, the USD-CAD conversion rates varied quite drastically. Sometime in July 2020, you would’ve gotten an average of CA$1.3536 for US$1. On the other hand, in June 2021, the rates were quite different, i.e., CA$1 = US$1.2232.
So, if you exchanged $10,000 on both these instances, the difference would have been about CA$1,300. That’s more than enough to cover several years of fees and even maintain a minimum balance for a few US dollar accounts in Canada to the threshold required for no-fee banking.
I hope this list of US dollar accounts in Canada has given you enough information on finding the best US dollar account in Canada (USD) for your needs. But before you start looking into different USD accounts, make sure you actually need it.